What is LNG?

Chilled Natural Gas

Natural gas is projected to be the fastest-growing fossil fuel in the coming decades, and Liquefied Natural Gas – or “LNG” – is natural gas in liquid form. When natural gas at ambient pressure is cooled to about -260 degrees Fahrenheit (-162 degrees Celsius) it becomes “liquefied” and reduces the volume to approximately 1/600 of its original size, making it easier to transport.

Why use LNG?

LNG offers tremendous benefits for consumers and the environment: It is versatile, clean-burning, safe, and abundant. Once LNG is regasified it can be made available for a variety of uses. The most common use is power generation at a natural gas fired power plant but other uses include being a raw material for products including paints, fertilizer, plastics, antifreeze, dyes and medicine, or as a fuel used for industrial purposes, such as producing steel, glass, paper, clothing, brick and electricity, and for residential and businesses purposes, such as heating, cooking and drying clothes.

  • Versatile: LNG can be used by industrial, commercial and residential end users for power generation, manufacturing, and for heating, cooking and drying clothes.
  • Clean-burning: Natural gas emits half as much carbon dioxide when burned compared to coal, and using more natural gas to generate power all over the world can help make the global environment cleaner. Learn More
  • Safe: LNG’s physical and chemical properties – including the fact that it will not ignite in its liquid state — make it safer than other commonly used hydrocarbons. Learn More
  • Abundant: With over 2,300 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of technically recoverable natural gas, the U.S. has an abundance of the fuel more than sufficient to meet domestic needs while supplying our trading partners abroad. Learn More

Creating a vibrant LNG industry can help boost the U.S. economy while making the world a safer place:

  • Economic benefits: LNG exports will add between $7 and $20 billion every year to the U.S. economy through 2040 and create up to 665,000 jobs every year by 2035. Learn More
  • Geopolitical benefits: LNG exports can help our allies strengthen their energy security by making the global gas market bigger, more liquid and more diverse. Learn More